A management philosophy ‘Six Sigma’ was developed and started by Bill Smith and Bob Galvin in the midst of 1980s in a company known as Motorola. The philosophy stresses on focusing high achievable objectives, gathering information and examining the outcome critically to eliminate the shortcomings in services and products. The strategy is based on data driven approach and on the basis of data, the experts figure out the faults in a process and the solutions that how they can be removed systematically. The philosophy was initially applied on manufacturing industry and now it is applied by different industries, even in government sector.
The Six Sigma Processes
Six Sigma embraces a defect-free performance process. It consists of a problem solving methodology that focuses on reducing process variation and provides a statistical approach for identifying and validating the root causes of process errors. Six Sigma projects are driven from the top and are tied to strategic objectives. It basically consists of two processes:
- Six Sigma DMAIC
- Six Sigma DMADV
Six Sigma DMAIC
The term DMAIC is derived from the major steps used in the first process of Six Sigma. It stands for Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control. This method is used to find out and reduce the reason of deficiency in the existing processes.
Six Sigma DMADV
DMADV is the second process of Six Sigma and it is utilized for new products and services, which are trying to attain the quality of Six Sigma. The DMADV here stands for Define, Measure, Analyze, design and Verifying the new procedures.
Role of Six Sigma in improving the Productivity
Six Sigma offers a better way to manage your organization. Organizations that utilize Six Sigma operate differently from typical organizations which rely on trial and error and intuition based decision making. Rework is a part of their culture and they are in continual fire-fighting mode. Whereas Six Sigma organizations have process metrics and operational metrics linked to customer needs. They employ structured problem solving and rely on prevention rather than continual fire-fighting. Professionals from diversified fields can get benefit from the Six Sigma Strategy to improve the performance of their big or small organization as well as the performance of their employees.
Six Sigma Strategy for Businesses
There are two basic aspects of business, which are how to improve its performance and how to generate profit. Executives by applying Six Sigma techniques can learn to comprehend these aspects. The strategy allows the businessmen and executives to enhance the performance of the operations by concentrating on the key objectives. It enables them to identify and fixed the problems at initial stages and thus reducing the cost. Inefficient working and poor quality can not only affect the market reputation but can also create extra expenses to overcome those short comings. Six Sigma offers the executives to have keen eyes on the drawback and improve productivity by reducing the shortfall.
Six Sigma Strategy for Manufacturing
Around the globe including the developing countries, Six sigma is widely adopted for processes related to engineering-design as it is the first step of the ultimate product. Competition is everywhere and the biggest target is to deliver the product on time. And due to fast pace of work, certain loopholes remain unaddressed. So when manufacturers try to rectify those defects, it costs them a lot. So, Six Sigma strategy allows the manufacturers to Identify and eradicate the flaws in design and documentation at the earlier stage of engineering, so the cost remains on average line.
Six Sigma Strategy for Marketing
The prime focus of Six Sigma and marketing is Customer. Marketing allows understanding customer demands and bringing their desired product in the market. Whereas, Six Sigma tools ensure that the final product reach to the customers should be free from any flaw. It analyses the marketing techniques and reduce the defects, bring the best marketing campaign to the market that hits the potential customer directly.
Six Sigma Strategy for Military
By utilizing Six Sigma for minimizing the cost, quality and efficacy of the military forces can be enhanced. Sig Sigma applications are rapidly utilized by the military to improve the management of resources and power and exploit the potential to its best capabilities. When applied efficiently Six Sigma military strategies, inventories can be optimized and readiness can be improved by decreasing the turnaround time. The true integration of Six Sigma and Marketing can be well understood with the phenomenon that Six Sigma continues to strive for betterment and keep altering the process and improving the service quality, that boost the sales.
Six Sigma Strategy for Team Building
A core objective of a team is to enhance productivity and complete the projects successfully in a desired time. However, a team cannot provide required output until every member of a team is dedicated to provide the same quality of work. If any of the member finds it difficult to cope up with the entire or some of the team members than the productivity of the team would definitely be affected. The team leader is a like an engine to the team that drives every part in harmony. Six Sigma enables the leaders build the team with efficacy by bring in people of various attributes and capabilities under one team and by eliminating their differences and highlighting their potential. This would not only result in a strong team but productivity of the work or task performed would also be increased.
How to become Six Sigma Certified Professional
There are certificate programs for the individuals or employee for taking Six Sigma training. These programs were initially planned by Motorola and now adopted worldly. Certification Programs offer Belts, such as green and black to determine the skill level of the employees or business individuals. Various organizations and Universities now present Six Sigma trainings and certification programs. Some of the Universities include University of Texas, University of Boston, United States Military Academy & Ohio University.